Arguing that children are curious by birth and active participants in their own learning processes and believing that they are excited by the discovery and development of new understanding, Vygotsky states that children's cognitive abilities are socially guided and constructed. Unlike Piaget, who underscored the importance of the self-initiated discovery, Vygotsky attached more importance to social contributions to the process of children's development. That's why Vygotsky believed that culture serves as a mediator for the formation and development of children's abilities, such as learning, memory, attention, and problem-solving. To put it another way, he believed that children are apprentices, whereas Piaget thought that they are scientists, who learn on their own.

Although Piaget believed in children's self-initiated discovery, he, on the other hand, argued that they should interact with the environment, as this interaction will facilitate their learning, which means that he doesn't totally defy the importance of social interaction. Vygotsky, however, puts much more emphasis on the social aspect of cognitive development, holding the view that mental constructs are formed through this social interaction.

There's another distinction between the two regarding learning and development in this way. Piaget argues that learning comes after cognitive development, whereas Vygotsky suggests that development can precede learning, or it can lead to development.

Similarly, referring to scaffolding as a tool for growth, Vygotsky claims that it helps children achieve independence. Learners accomplish manageable steps until they achieve a goal. Supported by more skilled elders or more knowledgeable mentors help children learn better and make connections. Vygotsky's 'zone of proximal development' application is also very important as it can be used as a guide by teachers in formal instruction. It defines the distance between the child's actual developmental level and his/her level of potential problem-solving capacity and development in collaboration with more capable adults.


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Muhammed Özgür YAŞAR

Merhaba, ben Muhammed Özgür YAŞAR. Dil sınavlarına yönelik yayınlanmış 14 adet kitabım bulunmaktadır. YDS, YÖKDİL ve YDT, YKS-DİL'e yönelik Online Canlı ve Yüz Yüze dersler vermekteyim. Özel ders için iletişim: [email protected] 

Dil sınavlarında uzmanı olduğum alanlar: YDS, YÖKDİL, YKS-DİL, Tıpdil, Gramer, Çeviri Teknikleri, Vocabulary ve Writing.

Aynı zamanda Osmangazi Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi İngilizce Öğretmenliği Bölümü'nde Öğretim görevlisi olarak çalışmaktayım. 2000 yılında Çukurova Üniversitesi İngilizce Öğretmenliği Bölümü'nden mezun oldum. Akademik olarak; ELT, MOOC, Flipped Learning, Applied Linguistics ve Language and Technology konularına ilgi duymaktayım.

Akademik çalışmalarımın olduğu alanlar: MOOCs, LMOOCs, Flipped Learning, Language and Technology, SLA, EFL, ELT

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